Obesity affects more than one-third of adults in America, yet many
affected are unaware of the severity of their obesity and the
implications for their health.1,2 Support from health care
professionals can help you achieve clinically significant and
maintained weight loss.3
What is obesity?
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that
may impair health. It is caused by an energy imbalance over time (ie,
when more calories are consumed than used by the body), leading to the
storage of excess energy as fat.4,5 Complex and
multifactorial in nature, obesity is influenced by physiological,
psychological, environmental, socioeconomic, and genetic factors.6,7
Obesity is commonly measured by body mass index (BMI), a measurement that
helps health care professionals determine if a person is carrying
excess weight in proportion to their height.8
Is obesity a disease?
Obesity is recognized as a chronic disease by leading medical
organizations, including the American Medical Association, American
Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American Academy of Family
Physicians, and The Obesity Society.9-12
Obesity increases your risk of developing many weight-related health
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Some cancers
- Congestive heart
- Sleep apnea (difficulties
breathing when sleeping)
If you are living with obesity, be encouraged. While losing weight
and keeping it off can be hard, there is good news. You may not need
to lose as much weight as you think to see improvements in your
health. Learn more here.
- Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Fryar CD,
Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United
States, 2011–2014. NCHS data brief, no 219. Hyattsville, MD:
National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
- Tompson T, Benz J, Agiesta J, et al.
Obesity in the United States: public perceptions. The Associated
Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs. 2013. www.apnorc.org/PDFs/Obesity/AP-NORC-Obesity-Research-Highlights.pdf.
Accessed July 25, 2014.
ML, Nayga RM Jr. Obesity, weight loss, and physician’s advice.
Soc Sci Med. 2006;62(10):2458-2468.
- World Health Organization. Fact sheet no.
311: obesity and overweight.
January 2015. Accessed August 5, 2015.
- Kushner R, Lawrence V, Kumar S.
Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. 1st ed. West Sussex,
UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
- Obesity Education Initiative; National
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; US
Department of Health and Human Services; Identification,
evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: The
practical guide. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health;
2000. NIH publication 00-4084.
- Wright SM, Aronne LJ. Causes of obesity.
Abdom Imaging. 2012;37(5):730-732.
- World Health Organization. BMI
Accessed December 1, 2015.
- American Medical Association House of
Delegates. Recognition of obesity as a disease. Resolution 420
Received May 15, 2013. Accessed December 8, 2015.
- 10. Mechanick JI, Garber AJ, Handelsman
Y, Garvey WT. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists'
Position Statement on Obesity and Obesity Medicine. Endocrine
- McKinney L. Diagnosis and Management of
Obesity. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/fitness/obesity-diagnosis-mono.pdf.
Published 2013. Accessed August 5, 2015.
- Allison DB, Downey M, Atkinson RL, et al.
Obesity as a disease: a white paper on evidence and arguments
commissioned by the Council of the Obesity Society. Obesity.
- Guh DP,
Zhang W, Bansback N, et al. The incidence of co-morbidities related
to obesity and overweight: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Public Health. 2009;9:88.
- Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al.
Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk
factors. 2001. JAMA. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/.
Accessed February 25, 2015.
- Grundy SM. Pre-diabetes, metabolic
syndrome, and cardiovascular risk. J Am Col Cardiol.
- Bhaskaran K,
Douglas I, Forbes H, et al. Body-mass index and risk of 22 specific
cancers: a population-based cohort study of 5.24 million UK
adults. Lancet. 2014;384:755-765.
- Li C, Ford ES, Zhao G, et al. Prevalence
of self-reported clinically diagnosed sleep apnea according to
obesity status in men and women: National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey, 2005-2006. Prev Med. 2010;51:18-23.
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USA15SAM01282 April 2016