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Hormone Therapy and Menopause

Perimenopause is the stage in which the woman’s menstrual cycle starts to change and can last up to 1 year after menopause. It may have a duration of 6 years or more. Menopause, the final menstrual cycle, is medically confirmed when a woman has gone 1 year without having a period. And postmenopause describes all the years after menopause. As women live longer, it is possible that they will spend at least one-third of their lives with less estrogen in their body.

What is vaginal atrophy?

This common chronic condition affects the vagina and the surrounding tissues during the menopause transition and after menopause. Vaginal atrophy affects many millions of women and is characterized by:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Vaginal irritation
  • Itching in and around the vagina
  • Pain and bleeding during intercourse
  • Vaginal soreness
  • Painful urination

If you're experiencing 1 or more of these symptoms, visit your healthcare professional.